A breed is a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance, homogeneous behavior, and/or other characteristics that distinguish it from other organisms of the same species. There is a difference between mating and breeding. Below are some of them:-
- Mating is mainly for Reproduction while Breeding is for Genetic improvement
- You don’t need records for mating but you need records for Breeding
- You don’t need selection for mating but you need selection for Breeding
- You don’t need a strategy for reproduction but you need a strategy for Breeding
- However, both activities may need organised groups of farmers for sustainability
- Ensuring that they have access to enough feed of the correct quality
- Ensuring they have access to clean water
- Following a vaccination programme against common diseases
- Keeping internal and external parasites under control
- Keeping sick goats separate so that disease does not spread to healthy goats
- Making sure that any goats introduced to the flock are disease-free
- Sheltering goats from adverse weather.
- Other observations such as a pot belly, when combined with poor condition or growth rate, is usually an indication of tapeworm infestation.
- Anaemia diagnosis can be checked by observing the eye lid paleness
Nose: Discharges from the nose may indicate nasal bot fly (Oestrus ovis).
Eyes: anaemia (as determined by the use of FAMACHA©) may be due to wireworm (Haemonchus contortus) and other worm species that cause anaemic conditions such as hookworm
Jaw: A soft subcutaneous swelling below the jaw is known as the bottle jaw. This is another symptom of worm species that cause anaemia.
Back: Body condition scoring is the assessment of overall condition of the animal. If only a few in the flock show poor condition, this may show worms that suppress the animals’ appetite such as bankrupt worm, brown stomach worm and conical fluke.
Tail: Parasites such as conical fluke and roundworms cause mild or severe diarrhoea. Parasites are known to be major cause of diarrhoea therefore the farmer needs to treat those with visible diarrhoea.